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CAS Number: 65-85-0, Molecular Weight: 122.1, Chemical Formula: C7H6O2, EINECS EC Number: 200-618-2, FEMA: ----,
Benzoic Acid BP
C7H6O2 -- 122.1 -- 65-85-0
Benzoic acid contains not less than 99.0 per cent and not more than the equivalent of 100.5 per cent of benzene carboxylic acid.
A white, crystalline powder or colourless crystals, odourless or with a very slight characteristic odour, slightly soluble in water, soluble in boiling water, freely soluble in alcohol and in fatty oils.
A. Melting point 121C to 124C.
B. Solution S (see Tests) gives reaction (a) of benzoates.
Dissolve 5.0 g in alcohol and dilute to 100 ml with the same solvent.
Appearance of solution
Solution S is clear and colourless.
Dissolve 0.5 g with shaking in 5 ml of sulphuric acid. After 5 min, the solution is not more intensely coloured than reference solution.
Dissolve 0.2 g in 10 ml of boiling water. Cool, shake and filter. To the filtrate add 1 ml of dilute sulphuric acid and 0.2 ml of 0.02 M potassium permanganate. After 5 min, the solution is still coloured pink.
Halogenated compounds and halides
All glassware used must be chloride-free and may be prepared by soaking overnight in a 500 g/l solution of nitric acid, rinsed with water and stored full of water. It is recommended that glassware be reserved for this test.
Solution (a) Dissolve 6.7 g of the substance to be examined in a mixture of 40 ml of 1 M sodium hydroxide and 50 ml of alcohol and dilute to 100.0 ml with water. To 10.0 ml of this solution add 7.5 ml of dilute sodium hydroxide solution and 0.125 g of nickel-aluminium alloy and heat on a water-bath for 10 min. Allow to cool to room temperature, filter into a 25 ml volumetric flask and wash with three quantities, each of 2 ml, of alcohol. Dilute the filtrate and washings to 25.0 ml with water. This solution is used to prepare solution A.
Solution (b) In the same manner, prepare a similar solution without the substance to be examined. This solution is used to prepare solution B.
In four 25 ml volumetric flasks, place separately 10 ml of solution (a), 10 ml of solution (b), 10 ml of chloride standard solution (8 ppm Cl) (used to prepare solution C) and 10 ml of water. To each flask add 5 ml of ferric ammonium sulphate solution, mix and add drop wise and with swirling 2 ml of nitric acid and 5 ml of mercuric thiocyanate solution. Shake. Dilute the contents of each flask to 25.0 ml with water and allow the solutions to stand in a water-bath at 20 °C for 15 min. Measure at 460 nm the absorbance of solution A using solution B as the compensation liquid, and the absorbance of solution C using the solution obtained with 10 ml of water as the compensation liquid. The absorbance of solution A is not greater than that of solution C (300 ppm).
12 ml of solution S complies with limit test B for heavy metals (10 ppm).
Not more than 0.1 per cent, determined on 1.0 g.
Benzoic Acid USP
Benzoic acid [65-85-0].
Benzoic Acid contains not less than 99.5 percent and not more than 100.5 percent of C7H6O2, calculated on the anhydrous basis.
Identification— Prepare a saturated solution of Benzoic Acid in water, and filter twice. To one portion of the filtrate add ferric chloride TS: a salmon-colored precipitate is formed. To a separate 10-mL portion of the filtrate add 1 mL of 7 N sulfuric acid and cool the mixture: a white precipitate forms in about 10 minutes; this precipitate is soluble in ether.
Congealing range: between 121 and 123.
Water: not more than 0.7%, a 1 in 2 solution of methanol in pyridine being used as the solvent.
Readily carbonizable substances— Dissolve 500 mg in 5 mL of sulfuric acid TS: the solution has no more color than Matching Fluid Q.
Residue on ignition: not more than 0.05%.
Heavy metals— Dissolve 2.0 g in 25 mL of acetone, and add 2 mL of water. Add 1.2 mL of thioacetamide-glycerin base TS and 2 mL of pH 3.5 Acetate Buffer, and allow to stand for 5 minutes: any color produced is not darker than that of a control made with 25 mL of acetone, 2.0 mL of Standard Lead Solution, and treated in the same manner. The limit is 10µg per g.
Readily oxidizable substances— Add 1.5 mL of sulfuric acid to 100 mL of water, heat to boiling, and add 0.1 N potassium permanganate, drop wise, until the pink color persists for 30 seconds. Dissolve 1.00 g of Benzoic Acid in the hot solution, and titrate with 0.1 N potassium permanganate VS to a pink color that persists for 15 seconds: not more than 0.50 mL of 0.10 N potassium permanganate is consumed.
Benzoic Acid FCC Food Grade
C7H6O2 Formula wt 122.12
INS: 210 CAS: [65-85-0]
Benzoic Acid occurs as white crystals, scales, or needles. It begins to sublime at about 100° and is volatile with steam. One gram is soluble in 275 mL of water at 25°, in 20 mL of boiling water, in 3 mL of alcohol, in 5 mL of chloroform, and in 3 mL of ether. It is soluble in fixed and in volatile oils and is sparingly soluble in hexane.
Identification: Dissolve 1 g of sample in a 20:1 (v/v) mixture of water and 1 N sodium hydroxide, filter the solution, and add about 1 mL of ferric chloride TS. A buff-colored precipitate forms.
Assay: Not less than 99.5% and not more than 100.5% of C7H6O2, calculated on the anhydrous basis.
Lead: Not more than 2.0 mg/kg.
Readily Carbonizable Substances: Passes test.
Readily Oxidizable Substances: Passes test.
Residue on Ignition: Not more than 0.05%.
Solidification Point: Between 121-123C.
Water: Not more than 0.7%.
Benzoic Acid ACS Analytical Reagent
Formula Wt 122.12
CAS Number 65-85-0
Assay: 99.5% C6H5COOH
Freezing point: 122-123C
Residue after ignition: 0.005%
Insoluble in methanol: 0.005%
Chlorine compounds (as Cl): 0.005%
Sulfur compounds (as S): 0.002%
Heavy metals (as Pb): 5 ppm
Substances reducing permanganate: Passes test
Benzoic Acid IP Grade
IP Grade is also offered.
Benzoic Acid SDS MSDS Sheet, Material Safety Data Sheet
1. Product Identification
Synonyms: Benzenecarboxylic acid; benzeneformic acid; phenyl carboxylic acid, phenyl formic acid, dracylic acid.
CAS No.: 65-85-0
EINECS EC Number: 200-618-2
Molecular Weight: 122.12
Chemical Formula: C6H5COOH
Recommended usage: Industrial Manufacturing.
2. Hazards Identification
GHS, Globally Harmonized System Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
Skin corrosion/irritation (Category 2) H315
Eye damage (Category 1), H318
Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure (Category 1) H372
Labeling according GHS USA & Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
GHS Label Elements
GHS Label Elements
Signal Words: Warning
H315 Causes skin irritation.
H318 Causes serious eye damage.
H372 Causes damage to organs (Lungs) through prolonged or repeated exposure if inhaled.
P260: Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P264 Wash skin thoroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P314 Get Medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P302+352: IF ON SKIN: Wash with soap and water.
P332+313: If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P305+ P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/ attention.
P360 Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC:
Xi Irritant R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes, R21 Harmful in contact with skin, R36/38- Irritating to eyes and skin.
3. Composition/Information on Ingredients
Ingredient: Benzoic Acid
CAS No.: 65-85-0
EINECS EC Number: 200-618-2
4. First Aid Measures
Inhalation: If Benzoic Acid is inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.
Ingestion: Give several glasses of water to drink to dilute. If large amounts were swallowed, get medical advice.
Skin Contact: Wash exposed area with soap and water. Get medical advice if irritation develops.
Eye Contact: Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. WARM water MUST be used. Get medical attention.
5. Fire Fighting Measures
Fire: Flash point: 121C (250F) CC
Auto ignition temperature: 570C (1058F)
Explosion: Fine dust dispersed in air in sufficient concentrations, and in the presence of an ignition source is a potential dust explosion hazard. Minimum exposable concentration 0.011 g/l. Vapor may explode if ignited in an enclosed area. Vapor from molten benzoic acid may form explosive mixture with air.
Fire Extinguishing Media: Water spray, dry chemical, alcohol foam, or carbon dioxide.
Special Information: In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full face piece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode.
6. Accidental Release Measures
Small Spill: Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. If necessary: Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and dispose of according to local and regional authority requirements.
Large Spill: Use a shovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container. Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate. Finish cleaning by spreading water on the contaminated surface and allow to drain.
7. Handling and Storage
Keep Benzoic Acid in a well closed container stored under cold to warm conditions, 2 to 40 C, (36 to 104F). Protect against physical damage. Isolate from any source of heat or ignition. Isolate from oxidizing materials. Isolate from flammable materials.
8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Airborne Exposure Limits: None established.
Ventilation System: A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures as low as possible. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area. Please refer to the ACGIH document, Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Recommended Practices, most recent edition, for details.
Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved): For conditions of use where exposure to dust or mist is apparent and engineering controls are not feasible, a particulate respirator (NIOSH type N95 or better filters) may be worn. If oil particles (e.g. lubricants, cutting fluids, glycerin, etc.) are present, use a NIOSH type R or P filter. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-face positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator. WARNING: Air-purifying respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres.
Skin Protection: Wear protective gloves and clean body-covering clothing.
Eye Protection: Use chemical safety goggles and/or full face shield where dusting or splashing of solutions is possible. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick-drench facilities in work area.
9. Physical and Chemical Properties
Appearance: Benzoic Acid is white, needle-like crystals.
Odor: Faint pleasant odor.
Solubility: 0.29 g / 100 ml. water; sinks in water.
pH: 2.8 (saturated solution @ 25 0C)
% Volatile by volume @ 21C (70F): 0
Boiling Point: 249C (480F)
Melting Point: 122C (252F)
Vapor Density (Air=1): 4.2
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): 1 @ 96C (205F)
Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): No information found.
10. Stability and Reactivity
Stability: Benzoic Acid is stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Emits toxic vapors and gas including phenol, benzene, and carbon monoxide when heated to decomposition.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Incompatibilities: Oxidizing agents, bases, and metals. Water solutions can react with metals to produce hydrogen gas.
Conditions to Avoid: Heat, flame, ignition sources, dusting and incompatibles.
11. Toxicological Information
Oral rat LD50: 1700 mg/kg; LC50 rat > 26,000mg/L/Hr.; irritation skin rabbit: 500 mg/24H mild; eye rabbit: 100 mg severe; investigated as a mutagen.
---------------------- --NTP Carcinogen--
Ingredient ----------- Known Anticipated IARC Category
---------------------- ----- ----------- -------------
Benzoic Acid (65-85-0) No -- No -------- None
12. Ecological Information
Environmental Fate: When released into the soil, Benzoic Acid may leach into groundwater. When released into the soil, Benzoic Acid is expected to readily biodegrade. When released into the soil, this material is expected to have a half-life between 1 and 10 days. When released into water, Benzoic Acid is expected to readily biodegrade. When released into the water, this material is expected to have a half-life between 1 and 10 days. When released into water, this material is not expected to evaporate significantly. This material has a log octanol-water partition coefficient of less than 3.0. This material may bio accumulation to some extent. When released into the air, this material is expected to be moderately removed from the atmosphere by wet deposition. When released to the air, this material is subject to removal from the atmosphere by gravitational settling.
Environmental Toxicity: No information found.
13. Disposal Considerations
Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be managed in an appropriate and approved waste disposal facility. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused Benzoic Acid in accordance with legal requirements.
14. Transport Information
DOT (USA) & ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods
IMDG: Not dangerous goods
IATA: Not dangerous goods
15. Regulatory Information
SARA 311/312: Acute: Yes; Chronic: No; Fire: Yes Pressure: No Reactivity: No (Pure / Solid)
WHMIS (Canada): CLASS D-2A: Material causing other toxic effects (VERY TOXIC).
16. Other Information
Our company provides this Benzoic Acid SDS information sheet contained herein in good faith but makes no representation as to its comprehensiveness or accuracy. This Benzoic Acid MSDS sheet is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose.
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Last updated 12-jan-19
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